A friend of mine posted this on my Facebook page. Bitches know me. :)
If you don’t watch your figure, the saying goes, who will? Kind of a harsh statement, for sure, but that’s now a corporate policy at Equinox Fitness.
Personal trainers at Equinox will be wearing form-fitting shirts to help show off their physiques. In June, Equinox sent trainers an…
BodyStep - LesMills
BodyPump - LesMills
The History of Yoga
The history of yoga is long and steeped in tradition. Contrary to what some people may believe, yoga was not developed as the newest way to slim down so they could fit into a smaller pants size.
The history of yoga goes back 5,000 years. It originated in India, and the first time the word yoga was found in written form was in the Rig Vada, one of the sacred texts used by Vedic priests. Yoga is a means of achieving spiritual enlightenment.
Originally, yoga techniques were passed down from teacher to student through word of mouth. These techniques had never been written down until the Indian sage Patanjali wrote down a systematic method of yoga in the Yoga Sutras. Patanjali is considered to be the father of yoga.
According to Patanjali, there are eight limbs of yoga, which lead to the ultimate goal of enlightenment.
Yama - abstaining from violence, stealing, lust, greed
Niyam - developing devotion, purity, studiousness, contentment, discipline
Pranayama - controlling the breath
Pratyahara - going inward and withdrawing attention from the outside world
Dharana - concentration
Dhyana - meditation
Samadhi - merging with the universal consciousness
The Swami Vivekananda added to the history of yoga by bringing it to America. In 1893, he addressed the Parliament of World Religions and discussed the path of yoga. As a result of his speech, it quickly began to blossom as a practice in many areas of the country. Yoga has since gained major popularity in the United States and many different styles including Hatha, Bikram, and Iyengar, are practiced by millions of people.
Knowing the history of yoga can help you, the practitioner, realize the richness that it has to offer. More than just a means of being fit and trim, yoga can help you live a healthy, whole, and empowered life.
Della Menechella is a yoga and fitness enthusiast who has been involved in fitness for over thirty years. Here website http://www.beauty-fitness-yoga-source.com/ is filled with practical information about how you can make yoga and fitness a positive part of your life.
This deserves a ‘virtual’ re-blog. This is my mantra.
Physical Activity Linked to Lower Rates of Cognitive Decline, Researchers Say
By Charlene Laino
WebMD Medical News Reviewed by Laura J. Martin, MD
July 20, 2011 (Paris) — Two new studies add to growing evidence that physical activity helps to keep older people’s brains sharp.
Neither study shows cause and effect, only that there is an association between exercise and cognitive health.
But in both studies, participants who exercised the most were substantially less likely to suffer memory loss and other signs of cognitive decline, compared to their more sedentary counterparts.
“Most importantly, the association [between slower cognitive decline] and physical activity was not limited to people engaged in vigorous exercise,” says researcher Marie-Noël Vercambre, PhD, of the Foundation of Public Health at Mutuelle Generale de l’Education Nationale in Paris.
Even taking a brisk, 30-minute walk every day was associated with a lower risk of cognitive impairment, she tells WebMD.
Both studies were presented at the Alzheimer’s Association International Conference here and simultaneously published online in the Archives of Internal Medicine.
Older Women With Heart Problems Benefit
Vercambre and colleagues at Harvard Medical School examined the effect of physical activity on mental decline among about 2,800 women aged 65 and older participating in the Women’s Antioxidant Cardiovascular Study.
All had cardiovascular disease or at least three risk factors for heart disease , placing them at substantially higher risk of cognitive decline, she says.
Participants filled out questionnaires on their recreational physical activities, such as walking , bicycling, and stair climbing, at the start of the study and every two years afterward. Then they were divided into five groups based on how active they were.
Participants also were given a battery of cognitive tests, at the study’s outset and three more times over the next five or so years. The tests measured memory, the ease with which one could complete a given task, and other mental skills.
Results showed that women in the highest two-fifths of physical activity had substantially lower rates of cognitive decline than women in the lowest exercise bracket.
“There is a strong association between greater physical activity and reduced cognitive decline in women with vascular disease or coronary risk factors,” Vercambre says.
Taking a half-hour brisk walk, or its equivalent, each day appears to delay mental aging by five to seven years, she says.
The researchers point out that the study has several limitations, including use of telephone interviews for some cognitive testing and potentially unreliable self-reporting of physical activity by the older participants.
A More Objective Measure of Physical Activity
In the second study, researchers used a more objective measure of energy expended during physical activity, employing the so-called doubly labeled water technique to determine how much water a person loses.
The study involved 197 men and women participating in the larger Health, Aging, and Body Composition study. Participants, whose average age was 75 years, had no mobility or cognitive problems when the research began.
Over the next two to five years, those in the highest third of energy expenditure were substantially less likely to develop clinical cognitive impairment than those in the lowest third.
Cognitive function was measured using the Mini-Mental State Exam (MMSE), a brief test of mental skills, including attention span and memory.
About 2% of people in the highest third suffered declines in cognitive function, compared with 5% in the middle third and 17% in the lowest third.
In a surprising finding, the participants’ levels of energy expenditure did not completely correlate with how much physical activity they reported they did.
The results were reported by Laura Middleton, PhD, of Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre in Toronto.
Exercise Good for Everyone
In an editorial accompanying the studies, Eric B. Larson, MD, MPH, of Group Health Research Institute in Seattle, said exercise “is definitely worthwhile” no matter what one’s age and “is likely to be of increasing benefit as [one] advances into old age.”
Ronald Peterson, MD, director of the Mayo Alzheimer’s Disease Research Center at the Mayo Clinic in Rochester, Minn., tells WebMD that physical activity improves the flow of blood in the brain . Also, animal studies suggest that exercise may release enzymes into the brain that attach and destroy Alzheimer’s-associated plaque, he says.